Calamities in Manila
A “calamity” is an unwanted event that causes suffering for many people. In Manila, calamities were caused by earthquakes, fires, wars, and typhoons. Earthquakes would bring down stone buildings, fires would burn, and typhoons would bring floods, while wars led many people to kill each other.
Calamities were very often in Manila. Because of this, the people became very religious. A lot of saints were venerated in Manila. This is why many places in Manila were named after saints, such as the Baluarte de San Andres which was named after St. Andrew. In fact, there were even more than seven churches and chapels in Manila! How many churches are in your area?
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