Influenza or flu is transmitted by droplets that enter the body through the nose or mouth. It can likewise pass from the hand to the nose or mouth by touching contaminated objects. It is characterized by cold-like symptoms plus body and headaches.
Symptoms of Influenza, which can come on suddenly, include the following:
Fever and chills
Cough, sore throat, and a runny or stuffy nose
Body aches and pain
Weakness and tiredness (sometimes severe)
Irritated watering eyes
People with flu are advised to:
Get plenty of rest
Drink plenty of liquids
Avoid using alcohol and tobacco and, if necessary, take medications such as acetaminophen (paracetamol) to relieve the fever and muscle aches associated with the flu.
Influenza can be prevented by getting an annual influenza vaccination.
If you develop flu symptoms you should follow basic hygiene practices to avoid spreading the disease to other people, including:
Wash hands regularly and thoroughly or use an alcohol-based hand rub
Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth
Avoid sharing, eating or drinking utensils
Stay away from work or school for as long as you have symptoms.