The Port of Manila
In 1815, the immensely profitable Galleon Trade ended when Mexico became independent from Spain. To compensate for the loss of income, Manila opened to world trade in 1834.
Sugar was the leading export, followed by tobacco, then by indigo. Hemp was
On the other hand, the leading import was textile, metals, wines, spirits, tea, glass, and perfumes. Manila became an important center for trade in Asia.
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