The Guardia Civil Veterana
The Guardia Civil was the law enforcement agency of the colonial government. They are equivalent to the police of modern times. They were first formed in the Philippines in 1868, and in the 1870s, the Guardia Civil Veterana was established in
Jose Rizal was very critical of the Guardia Civil. In his novel Noli Me Tangere, Rizal writes of a fictional character named Andong who was imprisoned by the Guardia Civil for picking bananas for supper.
The Guardia Civil was eventually disbanded in 1898 after the end of Spanish Rule in the Philippines.
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