Legaspi and the Founding of Manila

Napoleon Abueva’s 1967 wood piece “Legaspi and the Founding of Manila” is a remarkable example of his skill in combining historical narrative with modernist sensibilities. This sculpture, which is part of The Manila Pavilion reliefs, commemorates the founding of Manila by the Spanish explorer Miguel López de Legazpi on June 24, 1571, an event that … Read more

La Barca de Aqueronte

La Barca de AqueronteFelix Resurreccion Hidalgo1887 “La Barca de Aqueronte” by Felix Resurrección Hidalgo, also known as “The Boat of Charon,” is inspired by Dante Alighieri’s Inferno. This powerful painting depicts Charon ferrying souls to their eternal damnation, highlighting Hidalgo’s deep connection to Dante’s work. Garnering numerous awards in the 19th century, this piece cemented … Read more

Ina ng Lahi

This carved wood piece, titled “Ina ng Lahi” (Mother of Filipinos), is one of Jose P. Alcantara’s acclaimed artworks. Crafted from Narra, it received a special prize in 1951 from the Art Association of the Philippines. A self-taught sculptor, painter, and muralist, Alcantara achieved his highest recognition when he won first place at the inaugural … Read more

Bandera Filipina

This painting (Bandera Filipina) is both the first known artistic depiction of the Philippine Flag and the last known dated work of art by Juan Luna before his death from cardiac arrest in Hong Kong on December 7, 1899. It was made as a “souvenir” to Dr. Ferdinand Blumentritt, the very close friend (as Luna … Read more