The Propaganda Movement in the Philippines
The Propaganda Movement was a time before the Philippine Revolution when educated Filipinos, known as illustrados, were calling for reforms in colonial governance.
Important members included Jose Rizal, Graciano Lopez Jaena, Mariano Ponce, and Marcelo H. del Pilar. The propagandists advocated for the secularization of the clergy, representation of the Philippines in the Cortes Generales of Spain, the granting of Spanish citizenship to Filipinos, recognition of the Philippines as a province of Spain, the guarantee of basic freedoms, and equal opportunities for Filipinos in government service, among others.
However, the calls were not heeded by the Spanish colonial government, giving rise to a revolution that would spark in 1896.
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