Intramuros was initially called Ciudad Murada or Walled City and it was the capital of the Spaniards in the Philippines.
Beginning in 1580, it took almost 300 years to complete its walls, forts and bastions.
The Walled City served as the primary defense against invasions and attacks from land and sea — the Chinese pirate Limahong, the Dutch, city rebels and the British.
Over the years, this fortress was further equipped with moats, ramparts, bastions, gates and sentry towers to improve protection against enemies.
At present, Intramuros is a priceless heritage and a testament to old Spanish town planning as it retained its original grids as seen in the 1762 map.
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