The umpak is a clothing used by the ethnolinguistic group Bagobo. It is a closed-front upper garment for men. Shell disks solidly cover the entire front as well as the cuffs. This type of clothing is among Bagobo’s textiles dyed using ikat. It is made from abaca, cotton threads, natural and synthetic dyes.
Umpak ka bayi or “blouse with beadwork” takes three to four months to produce because the beadwork is hand-sewn. The designs of umpak are influenced by symbols from dreams and the environment of the Bagobo. Sewing umpak is passed down from one generation to another. Umpak is also used by the Lumad, Manobo, B’laan and Divavaan Mandaya.
Ang Umpak ay uri ng panlalaking kasuotan na yari sa abaka o koton. Karaniwang alinsunod sa mga panaginip at kapaligiran ng mga Bagobo ang disenyo ng pananamit na ito.
Source: The Field Museum. (2021). “12883, Coat Umpak”. The Field Museum Heritage Collection. Retrieved from www.philippines.fieldmuseum.org/heritage/catalogue/1030326
National Commission for Culture and the Arts. (2015). “Umpak Ka Bayi”. Retrieved from https://web.facebook.com/NCCAOfficial/photos/the-umpak-ka-bayi-or-blouse-with-beadwork-takes-three-to-four-months-to-finish-a/10153926079670283/
This project is in line with the observance of 2021 Year of Filipino Pre-Colonial Ancestors (YFPCA), by virtue of Proclamation No. 1128, s. 2021.
Sa pamamagitan ng Museo ng Muntinlupa at UP College of Home Economics Costume Museum, ang glosaryong ito ay magtatampok ng iba’t ibang kasuotang Pilipino, magmula sa aksesorya ng ulo hanggang sa saplot sa paa.
Art by Andrei Mendiola
Graphics by Xena Cabahug
Research by China Ho, Dan Racca, and Sophia Luces
Text by Angelene Payte
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