The Royal Cedula dated April 27, 1594 stated that the surrounding areas of Tondo, where Muntinlupa was once politically a part of, were given to the Augustinians as their missions. In his monograph entitled “Landed Estates in the Colonial Philippines,” Fr. Nicholas P. Cushner records that in 1700, Tondo had an area of approximately 400 square miles wherein 35 percent of which was suitable for rice farming while about 20 percent was for grazing land. It is probable that this was the reason why most of its inhabitants depended on farming for livelihood. Fr. Cushner added that the lands suitable for rice farming and grazing were shared by over eight thousand Tagalog families in Tondo.
Aside from the araro, suyod is another farming tool used by farmers. After plowing, the land will be harrowed by the suyod to firm up the solid and to make a good seedbed.
A Filipino farmer, Jose Honorato Lozano.
Reference: Baybay, D., et al. (2017). Muntinlupa: Isang Daang Taon ng Lakas, Talino, at Buhay.
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