Did you know that Kapampángan has two words for light that distinguish between natural and artificial light?
Also featured is Binibing Pilipinas 2023 Pampanga candidate @lyrapunsalan’s National Costume designed by @maktumang and inspired by Manag Sumala, the Kapampángan goddess of dawn whose name means “first light”!
SÁLÂ • (SAH-la’)
light (radiant source; natural), brightness, clarity
Tagálog (Filipino): liwánag
SULÛ • (soo-LOO’)
light (point source; artificial)
Tagálog (Filipino): ílaw
“Sálâ” is used for natural and very radiant sources of light, such as sunlight and moonlight.
“Sulû” is used for artificial and point sources of light, such as indoor lighting or stars.
Tagálog (Filipino): maliwánag
sumálâ, sásálâ, sínálâ – to brighten, clear up (actor focus)
súlû, súsulû, sínulû – to light up (actor focus)
suluánan, susuluánan, siluánan – to light, illuminate (object focus)
Orian na reng sulung kurap-kurap, mágdalá lang sálá at tula. [Kap]
Ayán na ang mgá ílaw na kumúkurap-kurap, nagdádala silá ng liwánag at tuwâ. [Tag]
There they are, the blinking lights; they’re bringing brightness and joy.
Note: These are lyrics of the theme song of “Liglígan Parúl” or the Giant Lantern Festival.