Sapatus Did the Three Kings leave gifts on your shoes last night? Filipino children traditionally believe that the Three Kings would bring gifts to them on Three Kings’ Day! So they bring out their polished shoes and place them on the windows or under the Christmas tree on the eve of Epiphany for the Three … Read more


On this day in 1867, the Father of Kapampángan Literature was born in Santa Ines, Bacolor, Pampanga, whose pen name was used to name one of the most well-known Kapampángan literature forms today. CRISSÓTAN • (krih-SOH-tuhn)a poetic joust or debate done in verse with rhyming. A form of Kapampángan literature named after Juan Crisostomo Soto, … Read more


Simbul Here’s a rarely used and unique Kapampángan word that refers to a ray of light from a star, like that of the star of Bethlehem that led the Three Kings to Jesus’ birthplace! SIMBUL • (sim-BOOL)ray or stream of light from a star (such as that from the Star of Bethlehem that guided the … Read more


DUMARA • (doo-muh-RA’)Philippine wild duck (Anas luzonica)Tagálog (Filipino): papán Possible EtymologyFrom Sanskrit ढामरा (ḍhāmarā) “goose” You may want to read: Bugok


Pinak February 2 is World Wetlands Day! Two significant wetlands are located in Pampanga: Candaba Swamp which is one of the most famous and largest natural wetlands in the Philippines and an important bird sanctuary and catchment basin of Central Luzon, and the Sasmuan Coastal Wetlands which was newly designated as a Ramsar site last … Read more