The Traje de Mestiza, commonly known as the Maria Clara gown, is an aristocratic version of baro’t saya. It is defined with a more voluminous bell-shaped sleeve with a fitted bodice and a more elaborated skirt with a short saya de cola.
As Americans emerged as a new colonial power at the end of the 19th century, Spaniards’ influence began to wane. With the influence of Hollywood’s latest fashions, traje de mestiza became the conventional clothing for females of all socioeconomic strata. Traje is a Spanish term meaning garment while Mestiza pertains to a woman with mixed ancestry.
Ang Traje de Mestiza ay isang pambabaeng pananamit na gawa sa mga katutubong tela alinsunod sa Europa ang estilo at silweta. Kilala rin ito bilang kasuotan ni Maria Clara.
Source: Coo, S. (2014). Clothing and the colonial culture of appearances in nineteenth century Spanish Philippines (1820-1896). Université Nice Sophia Antipolis. Retrieved from https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01126974/document
Gonzales, G., Higgins, Mark. (2015). “Fashionable Filipinas: An Evolution of the Philippine National Dress in Photographs 1860-1960”. Slim’s Legacy Project Inc. Suyen Corporation Inc.
This project is in line with the observance of the 2021 Year of Filipino Pre-Colonial Ancestors (YFPCA), by virtue of Proclamation No. 1128, s. 2021.
Sa pamamagitan ng Museo ng Muntinlupa at UP College of Home Economics Costume Museum, ang glosaryong ito ay magtatampok ng iba’t ibang kasuotang Pilipino, magmula sa aksesorya ng ulo hanggang sa saplot sa paa.
Art by Andrei Mendiola
Graphics by Xena Cabahug
Research by China Ho, Dan Racca, and Sophia Luces
Text by Angelene Payte
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