DOH Advisory on Dengue (DOH CHD-Bicol)
Dengue fever and dengue hemorrhagic fever are acute viral infections that affect infants, young children, and adults.
Bite of an Aedes aegypti mosquito infected with any one of the four dengue viruses.
Mode of Transmission
Transmitted by a day-biting mosquito called Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus.
These mosquitoes lay eggs in clear and stagnant water found in flower vases, cans, rain barrels, old rubber tires, etc. The adult mosquitoes rest in dark places of the house.
Signs and Symptoms
- Sudden onset of high fever which may last from 2 to 7 days.
- Joint and muscle pain and pain behind the eyes.
- Skin rashes
- Nosebleeding when fever starts to subside
- Abdominal pain
- Vomiting of coffee-colored matter
- Dark-colored stools
- Difficulty of breathing
- Do not give aspirin for fever.
- Give a sufficient amount of water or rehydrate a dengue suspect.
- If fever or symptoms persist for 2 or more days, bring the patient to the nearest hospital.
Prevention and Control
Follow the 4S against Dengue
1. Search and Destroy
– Cover water drums and pails.
– Replace water in flower vases once a week.
– Clean gutter of leaves and debris.
– Collect and dispose of all unusable tin cans, jars, bottles, and other items that can collect and hold water.
2. Self Protection Measures
– Wear long pants and a long-sleeved shirt.
– Use mosquito repellant every day.
3. Seek Early Consultation
– Consult the doctors immediately if ever persists after 2 days and rashes appear.
4. Say Yes to fogging when there is an impending outbreak or a hotspot.
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