What are the grounds for CLOA Cancellation?
CLOA (Certificate of Land Ownership Award) by the way is a document or we can call it the
end-product of Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (CARP) under the auspices of
RA 6657 otherwise known as The Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law being implemented by the Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR).
Basically, CLOA is a Title of Land issued by the DAR and must be registered at the Registry of Deeds (ROD).
The Grounds for CLOA cancellation are the following:
- The landholding involves the retention area of the landowner
- The landholding is exempted from coverage
- Defective notice of coverage
- The landholding is outside of the authority of DAR to dispose of
- Erroneous issued titles as a result of erroneous technical description and
cancellation of lost title prior to issuance of the certificate of deposit
- Misuse or diversion of financial and support services extended to the beneficiary
- Material misrepresentation of the beneficiaries’ basic qualifications under agrarian
reform laws: sale, transfer, lease, or other forms of conveyance by the beneficiary
of rights over the land in circumvention of agrarian laws
- Continued neglect or abandonment of the awarded land over a period of 2 calendar
- Absolute and deliberate failure to pay an aggregate of 3 consecutive amortizations
to the land bank
- Conversion to non agricultural use
- Waiver of rights to awarded lands
- Beneficiaries surrender of awarded land to land owner or other non-beneficiary
- Misuse of the land
- Other acts or omissions that circumvent laws related to agrarian reform
How to apply for CLOA Title?
There is no specific requirements for CLOA application. The DAR only requires that you
are a tenant farmer and that the farm being cultivate or tilled has a tenancy agreement
or arrangement with the land owner.
Accordingly, the farmers are the direct beneficiary of the CARP, which is basically
the distribution of farm land to landless farmers.
In the process on the determination of farmer beneficiaries, the Municipal Agrarian
Reform Office (MARO) shall identify and determine the qualified beneficiaries with the
assistance from the BARC – Barangay Agrarian Reform Committee (DAR Adm. Order No.5, Series of 1989).
It would take a long process of documentation and validation before the issuance of CLOA.
It involves from the MARO to the PARO (Provincial Agrarian Reform Office) for review,
then to RARO (Regional Agrarian Reform Office) for further review and evaluation, and
eventually for recommendation for approval to the higher authority – Secretary of DAR.
In case a CLOA title is awarded to the wrong beneficiary, you can advice the true
qualified farmer beneficiaries to file for petition for nullification of CLOA Title at
the DARAB (Dept. of Agrarian Adjudication Board) at your locality citing that the
bona-fide or the legitimate farmers has not given the preference in determination of
beneficiaries as mandated under the law.