CLOA (Certificate of Land Ownership Award) by the way is a document or we can call it the end-product of the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (CARP) under the auspices of RA 6657 otherwise known as The Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law being implemented by the Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR).
Basically, CLOA is a Title of Land issued by the DAR and must be registered at the Registry of Deeds (ROD).
The Grounds for CLOA cancellation are the following:
The landholding involves the retention area of the landowner
The landholding is exempted from coverage
Defective notice of coverage
The landholding is outside of the authority of DAR to dispose of
Erroneously issued titles as a result of erroneous technical description and
cancellation of lost title prior to issuance of the certificate of deposit
Misuse or diversion of financial and support services extended to the beneficiary
A material misrepresentation of the beneficiaries’ basic qualifications under the agrarian
reform laws: sale, transfer, lease, or other forms of conveyance by the beneficiary
of rights over the land in circumvention of agrarian laws
Continued neglect or abandonment of the awarded land over a period of 2 calendar
Absolute and deliberate failure to pay an aggregate of 3 consecutive amortizations
to the land bank
Conversion to non-agricultural use
Waiver of rights to awarded lands
Beneficiaries surrender of awarded land to the landowner or other non-beneficiary
Misuse of the land
Other acts or omissions that circumvent laws related to agrarian reform
How to apply for CLOA Title?
There are no specific requirements for the CLOA application. The DAR only requires that you are a tenant farmer and that the farm being cultivated or tilled has a tenancy agreement or arrangement with the landowner.
Accordingly, the farmers are the direct beneficiary of the CARP, which is basically the distribution of farmland to landless farmers.
In the process of the determination of farmer-beneficiaries, the Municipal Agrarian Reform Office (MARO) shall identify and determine the qualified beneficiaries with the assistance from the BARC – Barangay Agrarian Reform Committee (DAR Adm. Order No.5, Series of 1989).
It would take a long process of documentation and validation before the issuance of CLOA.
It involves from the MARO to the PARO (Provincial Agrarian Reform Office) for review, then to RARO (Regional Agrarian Reform Office) for further review and evaluation, and eventually for a recommendation for approval to the higher authority – Secretary of DAR.
In case a CLOA title is awarded to the wrong beneficiary, you can advise the truly qualified farmer-beneficiaries to file for a petition for nullification of CLOA Title at the DARAB (Dept. of Agrarian Adjudication Board) at your locality citing that the bonafide or the legitimate farmers have not given the preference in the determination of beneficiaries as mandated under the law.